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EST_Wave.cc

/*************************************************************************/
/*                                                                       */
/*                Centre for Speech Technology Research                  */
/*                     University of Edinburgh, UK                       */
/*                         Copyright (c) 1996                            */
/*                        All Rights Reserved.                           */
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/*   1. The code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of    */
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/*   2. Any modifications must be clearly marked as such.                */
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/*  DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING      */
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/*  THIS SOFTWARE.                                                       */
/*                                                                       */
/*************************************************************************/
/*             Author :  Paul Taylor and Alan Black                      */
/*             Date   :  May 1996                                        */
/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*            EST_Wave Class source file                                 */
/*                                                                       */
/*=======================================================================*/

#include <iostream.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "EST_cutils.h"
#include "EST_Wave.h"
#include "EST_wave_utils.h"
#include "EST_wave_aux.h"
#include "EST_TNamedEnum.h"
#include "EST_WaveFile.h"

#include "waveP.h"

const EST_String DEF_FILE_TYPE = "riff";
const EST_String DEF_SAMPLE_TYPE = "short";

const int EST_Wave::default_sample_rate=16000;

00059 EST_Wave::EST_Wave()
{
    default_vals();
}

00064 EST_Wave::EST_Wave(const EST_Wave &w)
{
    default_vals();
    copy(w);
}

EST_Wave::EST_Wave(int n, int c, int sr)
{
  default_vals(n,c);
  set_sample_rate(sr);
}

00076 EST_Wave::EST_Wave(int samps, int chans,
               short *memory, int offset, int sample_rate, 
               int free_when_destroyed)
{
  default_vals();
  p_values.set_memory(memory, offset, samps, chans, free_when_destroyed);
  set_sample_rate(sample_rate);
}

void EST_Wave::default_vals(int n, int c) 
{
  // real defaults
  p_values.resize(n,c);
  p_sample_rate = default_sample_rate;

  init_features();
}

void EST_Wave::free_wave()
{
  if (!p_values.p_sub_matrix)
    p_values.resize(0,0);
  clear_features();
}

EST_Wave::~EST_Wave()
{
  free_wave();
}

void EST_Wave::copy_setup(const EST_Wave &w)
{
    p_sample_rate = w.p_sample_rate;
    copy_features(w);
}

void EST_Wave::copy_data(const EST_Wave &w)
{
    p_values.copy(w.p_values);
}

void EST_Wave::copy(const EST_Wave &w)
{
    copy_setup(w);

    copy_data(w);
}

00124 short &EST_Wave::a(int i, int channel)
{
  if (i<0 || i>= num_samples())
    {
      cerr << "Attempt to access sample " << i << " of a " << num_samples() << " sample wave.\n";
      if (num_samples()>0)
      return *(p_values.error_return);
    }

  if (channel<0 || channel>= num_channels())
    {
      cerr << "Attempt to access channel " << channel << " of a " << num_channels() << " channel wave.\n";
      if (num_samples()>0)
      return *(p_values.error_return);
    }

  return p_values.a_no_check(i,channel);
}

short EST_Wave::a(int i, int channel) const
{
  return ((EST_Wave *)this)->a(i,channel);
}

00148 short &EST_Wave::a_safe(int i, int channel)
{
    static short out_of_bound_value = 0;

    if ((i < 0) || (i >= num_samples()))
    {   // need to give them something but they might have changed it
      // so reinitialise it to 0 first
      out_of_bound_value = 0;
      return out_of_bound_value;
    }
    else
      return a_no_check(i,channel);
}

void EST_Wave::fill(short v, int channel)
{
    if (channel == EST_ALL)
    {
      if (v == 0)  // this is *much* more efficient and common
          memset(values().memory(),0,num_samples()*num_channels()*2);
        else
          p_values.fill(v);
    }
    else 
      for (int i = 0; i < num_samples(); ++i)
      p_values.a_no_check(i,channel) = v;
}

00176 EST_read_status EST_Wave::load(const EST_String filename, 
                         int offset, int length,
                         int rate)
{
    EST_read_status stat = read_error;
    EST_TokenStream ts;

    if ((ts.open(filename)) == -1)
    {
      cerr << "Wave load: can't open file \"" << filename << "\"" << endl;
      return stat;
    }

    stat = load(ts,offset,length,rate);
    ts.close();
    return stat;
}

EST_read_status EST_Wave::load(EST_TokenStream &ts,
                         int offset, int length,
                         int rate)
{
    EST_read_status stat = read_error;
    int pos = ts.tell();
    
    for(int n=0; n< EST_WaveFile::map.n() ; n++)
    {
      EST_WaveFileType t = EST_WaveFile::map.token(n);
      
      if (t == wff_none)
          continue;
      
      EST_WaveFile::Info *info = &(EST_WaveFile::map.info(t));
      
      if (! info->recognise)
          continue;
      
      EST_WaveFile::Load_TokenStream * l_fun =info->load;
      
      if (l_fun == NULL)
          continue;

      ts.seek(pos);
      stat = (*l_fun)(ts, *this, 
                  rate, st_short, EST_NATIVE_BO, 1,
                  offset, length);
      
      if (stat == read_ok)
      {
          set_file_type(EST_WaveFile::map.value(t));
          break;
      }
      else if (stat == read_error)
          break;
    }
    
    return stat;
}

EST_read_status EST_Wave::load(const EST_String filename, 
                         const EST_String type, 
                         int offset, int length,
                         int rate)
{
    EST_read_status stat = read_error;
    EST_TokenStream ts;

    if (filename == "-")
      ts.open(stdin,FALSE);
    else if ((ts.open(filename)) == -1)
    {
      cerr << "Wave load: can't open file \"" << filename << "\"" << endl;
      return stat;
    }

    stat = load(ts,type,offset,length,rate);
    ts.close();
    return stat;
}

EST_read_status EST_Wave::load(EST_TokenStream &ts,
                         const EST_String type, 
                         int offset, int length,
                         int rate)
{
    EST_WaveFileType t = EST_WaveFile::map.token(type);

    if (t == wff_none)
    {
      cerr << "Unknown Wave file type " << type << endl;
      return read_error;
    }

    EST_WaveFile::Load_TokenStream * l_fun = EST_WaveFile::map.info(t).load;
    
    if (l_fun == NULL)
    {
      cerr << "Can't load waves to files type " << type << endl;
      return read_error;
    }
    
    set_file_type(EST_WaveFile::map.value(t));
    return (*l_fun)(ts, *this,
                rate, st_short, EST_NATIVE_BO, 1,
                offset, length);
   
}

00284 EST_read_status EST_Wave::load_file(const EST_String filename, 
                 const EST_String type, int sample_rate,
                 const EST_String stype, int bov, int nc, int offset,
                 int length)
{
    EST_read_status stat = read_error;
    EST_TokenStream ts;

    if (filename == "-")
      ts.open(stdin,FALSE);
    else if ((ts.open(filename)) == -1)
    {
      cerr << "Wave load: can't open file \"" << filename << "\"" << endl;
      return stat;
    }

    stat = load_file(ts,type,sample_rate,stype,bov,nc,offset,length);
    ts.close();
    return stat;
}

EST_read_status EST_Wave::load_file(EST_TokenStream &ts,
                 const EST_String type, int sample_rate,
                 const EST_String stype, int bov, int nc, int offset,
                 int length)

{
  EST_WaveFileType t = EST_WaveFile::map.token(type);

  EST_sample_type_t values_type = EST_sample_type_map.token(stype);

  if (t == wff_none)
    {
      cerr << "Unknown Wave file type " << type << endl;
      return read_error;
    }

  EST_WaveFile::Load_TokenStream * l_fun = EST_WaveFile::map.info(t).load;
    
  if (l_fun == NULL)
    {
      cerr << "Can't load waves to files type " << type << endl;
      return read_error;
    }
    
  return (*l_fun)(ts, *this,
              sample_rate, values_type, bov, nc,
              offset, length);
    
}    

void EST_Wave::sub_wave(EST_Wave &sw, 
                  int offset, int num,
                  int start_c, int nchan)
{
  if (num == EST_ALL)
    num = num_samples()-offset;
  if (nchan == EST_ALL)
    nchan = num_channels()-start_c;

  p_values.sub_matrix(sw.p_values, offset, num, start_c, nchan);
  sw.set_sample_rate(sample_rate());
}

EST_write_status EST_Wave::save(const EST_String filename, 
                         const EST_String type)
{
    FILE *fp;

    if (filename == "-")
      fp = stdout;
    else if ((fp = fopen(filename,"wb")) == NULL)
    {
      cerr << "Wave save: can't open output file \"" <<
          filename << "\"" << endl;
      return write_fail;
    }

    EST_write_status r = save(fp,type);
    if (fp != stdout)
      fclose(fp);
    return r;
}

EST_write_status EST_Wave::save(FILE *fp, const EST_String type)
{
    EST_String save_type = (type == "") ? DEF_FILE_TYPE : type;

    EST_WaveFileType t = EST_WaveFile::map.token(save_type);

    if (t == wff_none)
    {
      cerr << "Wave: unknown filetype in saving " << save_type << endl;
      return write_fail;
    }
    
    EST_WaveFile::Save_TokenStream * s_fun = EST_WaveFile::map.info(t).save;
    
    if (s_fun == NULL)
    {
      cerr << "Can't save waves to files type " << save_type << endl;
      return write_fail;
    }
    
    return (*s_fun)(fp, *this, st_short, EST_NATIVE_BO);
}

EST_write_status EST_Wave::save_file(const EST_String filename,
                             EST_String ftype,
                             EST_String stype, int obo)
{
    FILE *fp;

    if (filename == "-")
      fp = stdout;
    else if ((fp = fopen(filename,"wb")) == NULL)
    {
      cerr << "Wave save: can't open output file \"" <<
          filename << "\"" << endl;
      return write_fail;
    }

    EST_write_status r = save_file(fp,ftype,stype,obo);
    if (fp != stdout)
      fclose(fp);
    return r;
}

EST_write_status EST_Wave::save_file(FILE *fp,
                             EST_String ftype,
                             EST_String stype, int obo)
{
    EST_WaveFileType t = EST_WaveFile::map.token(ftype);
    EST_sample_type_t sample_type = EST_sample_type_map.token(stype);

    if (t == wff_none)
      {
      cerr << "Unknown Wave file type " << ftype << endl;
      return write_fail;
      }

    EST_WaveFile::Save_TokenStream * s_fun = EST_WaveFile::map.info(t).save;
    
    if (s_fun == NULL)
    {
      cerr << "Can't save waves to files type " << ftype << endl;
      return write_fail;
    }
    
    return (*s_fun)(fp, *this, sample_type, obo);
    
}

00437 void EST_Wave::resample(int new_freq)
{
    // Rseample wave to new sample rate
    if (new_freq != p_sample_rate)
    {
      if (p_values.rateconv(p_sample_rate, new_freq) != 0)
          cerr << "rateconv: failed to convert from " << p_sample_rate <<
            " to " << new_freq << "\n";
      else
          set_sample_rate(new_freq);
    }
    
}

00451 void EST_Wave::rescale(float gain, int normalize)
{
    int ns;
    float factor = gain;
    
    if (normalize)
    {
      int max = 0;
      for (int i = 0; i < num_samples(); ++i)
        for (int j = 0; j < num_channels(); ++j)
          if (abs(a_no_check(i,j)) > max)
            max = abs(a_no_check(i,j));
      factor *= 32766.0/(float)max;
    }
    
    for (int i = 0; i < num_samples(); ++i)
      for (int j = 0; j < num_channels(); ++j)
      {
        ns = (int)(((float)a_no_check(i,j) * factor) + 0.5);
        if (ns < -32766)
          a_no_check(i,j)= -32766;
        else if (ns > 32766)
          a_no_check(i,j)= 32766;
        else
          a_no_check(i,j)= ns;
      }
}

00479 EST_Wave &EST_Wave::operator =(const EST_Wave &w)
{
    copy(w);
    return *this;
}

00485 EST_Wave &EST_Wave::operator +=(const EST_Wave &w)
{
    EST_Wave w2;
    const EST_Wave *toadd = &w;

    if (w.num_channels() != num_channels())
    {
      cerr << "Cannot concatenate waveforms with differing numbers of channels\n";
      return *this;
    }

    if (p_sample_rate != w.sample_rate())
    {
      w2 = w;
      w2.resample(p_sample_rate);
      toadd= &w2;
    }

    p_values.add_rows(toadd->p_values);

    return *this;
}

// add wave p_values to existing wave in parallel to create multi-channel wave.
00509 EST_Wave &EST_Wave::operator |=(const EST_Wave &wi)
{
    int i, k;
    EST_Wave w = wi; // to allow resampling of const

    w.resample(p_sample_rate);  // far too difficult otherwise

    int o_channels = num_channels();
    int r_channels = num_channels()+w.num_channels();
    int r_samples = Gof(num_samples(), w.num_samples());

    resize(r_samples, r_channels);

    for (k = 0; k < w.num_channels(); ++k)
      for (i=0; i < w.num_samples(); i++)
          a(i,k+o_channels) += w.a(i, k);

    return *this;
}

00529 ostream& operator << (ostream& p_values, const EST_Wave &sig)
{
    for (int i = 0; i < sig.num_samples(); ++i)
      p_values << sig(i) << "\n";
    
    return p_values;
}

int operator != (EST_Wave a, EST_Wave b)
   { (void)a; (void)b; return 1; }
int operator == (EST_Wave a, EST_Wave b)
  {  (void)a; (void)b; return 0; }

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